Must Read: How the Mughals Ruined India!
In this article, we will learn about the history of tyranny, religious intolerance, and the renaming of Delhi. These things happened because the army was not powerful enough to curb ambitious chiefs and defend the Empire. This resulted in the civil wars that led to the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Here is an overview of some of the major changes that occurred during the reign of the Great Mughal Empire.
The Mughal Empire was at its peak of prosperity when it was shattered by the death of Shah Jahan. Despite the devastation caused by his tyranny, the Mughals maintained a façade of grandeur. While visiting Bengal, Bernier noticed an odd thing – a city with a hundred gates for entry and exit, yet no gate for departure! As a result, the population was full of castrated and euthanized children. The Mughal Empire referred to these people as zamindars, a generic term for the Mughals.
The Mughal ruins India by tyranny in the name of religion. Many Hindu nationalists insist on the religious oppression that was characteristic of the Mughal era, and Aurangzeb’s reign has been used as a focal point for distortion. The Mughal Empire did, in fact, destroy many cultures, and a great deal of land.
Aurangzeb, the sixth ruler of the Mughal Empire, destroyed a great deal of Hindu temples in the course of his rule. The Islamic record called Maasir-i-Alamgiri records the cruelty he inflicted on the Hindus. He also ordered the demolition of the Kalka Temple in Delhi because of Hindus’ alleged gathering there.
Nevertheless, despite Aurangzeb’s tyranny, he did manage to defeat the Mughals in the late 1700s. Modern-day terrorist groups such as ISIS, Al-Qaeeda, and the Taliban have similarities with the Mughal tyranny. It is important to remember the lessons of the Mughal tyranny when dealing with these groups.
There’s a common myth that the Mughals ruined India because of religious intolerance. This myth is based on a myth that was made by British historians who tried to prove the Mughals were cruel. But the truth is much more complex than that. The Mughals were not tolerant of religious differences. They persecuted Hindus and Sikhs and often used their religions to fuel anti-government sentiments. They also used the temples as a means to plot terrorist attacks against civilians.
Aurangzeb was a Mughal emperor who ruled from 1658 to 1707. He is a notorious figure in Indian history because he destroyed Hindu temples. However, he did not commit any genocide against Hindus or begin a large-scale conversion program. In fact, he went way beyond the law. It’s not just bigotry that led to Aurangzeb’s failure.
The Mughals failed to implement a religious policy. Their religious intolerance caused the Mughal empire to crumble. Tolerance of religions is not compatible with the Indian way of life and culture, and it can’t lead to a successful result in India. Religious intolerance led to the destruction of Sikh and Hindu temples. These policies led to a massive rebellion and greatly damaged the Mughal rule.
In addition to repression of the Sikhs, the Mughals also imposed a ban on the practice of Sikhism. This ban led to the destruction of one of the world’s most religiously tolerant cities, Karakorum. The Mughal emperor Akbar the Great welcomed all religions to his court and even engaged in friendly debate with sages.
The Mughal leaders had many similarities with each other and some differences. For example, the first two kings were very religious, but their policies varied greatly. The religious toleration of the Mughal rulers varied from time to time. While Aurangzeb and Nadirabad were the exceptions, both were hard-liner rulers. For example, Aurangzeb and Nadirabad abolished the non-Muslim tax and permitted Hindus to participate in government activities.
Destruction of Hindu temples
According to many Hindus, the Mughals destroyed Hindu temples in India to build mosques. Nevertheless, there are no clear-cut proofs that the Mughals destroyed Hindu temples in India. They only destroyed a portion of the temple in 1194ce, and later rebuilt it. Then, in the 15th century, another Muslim invasion destroyed the same temple. In 1669, Aurangzeb destroyed it again. In 1780, Ahilya Bai Holkar rebuilt it. Maharaja Ranjit Singh donated the gold roof.
The Mughals demolished many Hindu temples in India, including the Lalitaditya temple in Bijapur, Kashmir. King Lalitaditya had built the temple during the 5th century. In 1658, a Muslim ruler named Sikander Butshikan toppled it. The temple was so heavily built that it collapsed, and the mosque turned it into a mosque.
Muslim rule weakened Hinduism in India. In many areas, the Mughals removed royal patronage of Hinduism. Some of these rulers were strongly anti-Hindu and imposed poll taxes to convert non-believers. Mughal rulers such as Akbar and Husayn Shah ‘Ala al-Din destroyed countless Hindu temples in India. While Islam was the dominant religion in most of India, it was not the only one – Buddhist and Jain religions also survived.
Another Mughal conqueror, Aurangzeb, is responsible for many of the temples in India. He also had the audacity to forcibly convert Hindus to Islam and destroy their temples. In the process, hundreds of Hindu temples were destroyed, but the Mughals did not offer land grants for the rebuilding of these temples. They destroyed their rivals for power, and ruined many Hindu temples.
The Mughals’ invasion of India led to the destruction of thousands of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples. The Muslim invaders also destroyed thousands of Hindu temples. One famous temple was the Vishwanath temple in Delhi. It was later rebuilt by a Gujarati merchant who had funds from the Mughal emperor Akbar. In the same year, another Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb, destroyed the temples and rebuilt Gyanvapi Mosque.
Renaming of Delhi after mughal emperor
During the renaming of Delhi after Mughal emperor Akbar, a vandal covered a signboard with the name Maharana Pratap. Police supervised the vandals and removed the poster. The street is named after the Mughal emperor who ruled over Delhi during the 16th century. Interestingly, Akbar Road is also the home to the headquarters of the ruling Congress party. In 1576, Maharana Pratap, a renowned king of Rajasthan, battled Akbar and won victory.
For 651 years, Delhi was the capital of different Muslim rulers. In 1206 Qutbuddin Aibak was crowned Sultan of Delhi. Bahadur Shah Zafar was the Sultan of Delhi from 1857 to 1947. The British left Delhi in 1947 and renaming began. In 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru began the process of renaming roads and buildings in Delhi.
However, the BJP has not endorsed the idea of renaming roads and streets in the capital city. In its letter to the New Delhi Municipal Council, the BJP says it is against the renaming. It also opposes the naming of Tughlaq Lane, which is home to Congress leader Rahul Gandhi. Some roads still bear British names. Examples include Chelmsford Road, Minto Road, Hailey Road, Maurice Nagar, and Kingsway Camp. In addition to the BJP, there are other streets and areas in Delhi that bear British names. For instance, the Delhi BJP does not want to rename Tughlaq Lane, as it is home to the office of Congress leader Rahul Gandhi. Lastly, the BJP does not want to rename Lodhi Road or Shershah
Nevertheless, renaming of Delhi streets and roads after Mughals has its pros and cons. On the one hand, the British have fought the Mughals and have renamed the street after them. The British, meanwhile, have also been criticised for their renaming of Delhi streets and roads after Muslim rulers. But the Shiv Sena Hindustan has defended this renaming because it shows that the Hindus have a problem with the Mughals’ history.
While the Mughals ruled Delhi for over three centuries, their power diminished and the city declined. The fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan decided to build a walled city called Shahjahanabad within Delhi, including the Red Fort. The city underwent a period of decline and a series of revolts, losing major portions of its territory to rivals. In 1638, the Jats seized much of the south of Delhi, and the city’s name was changed to the city of Aurangzeb.