Tape-record high fuel prices put India’s economy on slippery track. Here’s why

Screenshot 2021 06 29 At 6.28.

High fuel taxes integrated with a healing in worldwide petroleum rates have actually made life difficult for countless households, putting India’s economic healing in jeopardy. List prices of petrol and diesel are hitting record-high levels almost daily as state-run oil marketing business (OMCs) continue to revise rates upwards.

Petrol cost has actually crossed Rs 100 per litre in multiple states, while diesel is slowly inching closer to the three-figure mark. In truth, purchasing gas in significant Indian cities such as Mumbai expenses almost two times as much as in New york city.

At the minute, India has the greatest fuel rates among neighbouring countries and the prices are most likely to climb further as global oil rates consolidate. Specialists have actually warned that rising fuel rates could significantly hinder India’s economy, which is already under pressure due to the effect of the 2nd Covid-19 wave.

High gas and diesel costs have not only impacted vehicle owners, however likewise people who do not own a car. Rising fuel prices have actually resulted in a sharp increase in retail inflation, making a host of vital commodities and services costlier for people.

Read|Fuel rates at record high. How it affects your finances


Offered the fact that India is Asia’s second-largest oil importer, the nation can not pay for higher fuel prices, particularly as need improves after the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic.

There are a number of reasons that experts feel that the government must decrease oil prices. For example, if petrol and diesel pieces stay at their existing levels or increase in future, the need for two essential fuels will decrease greatly and ultimately harmed the federal government’s revenue collection.

In May, fuel need struck a nine-month low due to stalled activity in the middle of the second wave. While it is expected to enhance in June, the record-high rates might considerably stall recovery in fuel demand. This would wind up reducing the federal government’s earnings collection from the sale of the 2 important automobile fuels.

Inflation is another reason economists are stressed about increasing fuel rates. India’s retail inflation jumped in Might, breaching the Reserve Bank of India’s comfort level, mostly due to a hike in gas and diesel prices.

From the publication|Inflation: A price damper on development

It may be kept in mind that fuel prices directly impact several sectors consisting of transport, food shipment and e-commerce. The cost that consumers bear for such services– directly or indirectly– have been increasing gradually over the past 2 months as a result of rising fuel costs.

Professionals suggest the higher fuel rates would seriously dent consumers’ disposable incomes and the end result will be slower development and financial recovery.


For many parts of 2020, the central federal government kept increased taxes on fuel as the nation went under a national lockdown. The import tax task was hiked dramatically last year despite a collapse in worldwide petroleum rates.

The government claimed that the prices were hiked to support income as other locations of earnings including GST and income tax collapsed.

However, it has actually now been more than a year that excise responsibilities have not been slashed, leaving domestic consumers exposed to greater costs following a healing in international unrefined oil costs.

A Reuters report had earlier suggested how India’s low earnings earners– taken part in micro delivery businesses and other activities depending on fuel– are suffering due to exorbitant petrol and diesel prices. It is similarly hurting India’s poor homes, who are paying more cash for other commodities and services that are indirectly based on fuel rates.

Professionals believe that the greater fuel rates and the cascading impact it has on other commodities will cause a fall in total need, given the weak consumer belief at the minute.

Even the burgeoning middle class, thought about the engine that’s driving India’s development, is facing the heat due to rising gas and diesel costs.

A 48-year-old former executive at an advertisement firm in New Delhi informed Bloomberg News that he had actually updated to a new automobile just a month before the nation went into a nationwide lockdown last year.

He is now thinking about offering his vehicle. “Driving the cars and truck is now a luxury for me,” said the man, who had lost his task after the very first wave. He now sells stock and his income is barely a fifth of what he utilized to earn at his previous job.

“Previously, I would tank up whenever I needed to fill up, and it would cost me 3,000 rupees ($40). Last time, filling up less than half the car’s tank cost me more than $25. I now drive only when it’s absolutely required,” he informed the publication.


Experts believe that economic recovery will become difficult if the federal government continues to ignore increasing fuel rates. If the commodity becomes too expensive, it would see a sharp decrease in earnings.

To prevent such a situation, the federal government needs to cut excise duty to some extent as it will supply some relief to customers and cause higher sales and profits.

Discussed: Why India requires to decrease taxes on petrol, diesel

Senthil Kumaran, head of South Asia oil at FGE, informed Bloomberg News that greater costs will have an effect of fuel need.”

“However, at this moment, the rate impact will be less substantial as the nation is still coming out of the second-wave lockdowns. Bottled-up need will outshine high list prices, so, it won’t stop briefly the need recovery. However if high rates continue through July, then it will impact more.”

Published at Tue, 29 Jun 2021 13:02:33 +0000